Angiologist The Italian replies, "You have not used a correct method"
There is a correlation between multiple sclerosis and chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI)? According to a recent Canadian study, published in PLoS ONE , the answer is negative.
The study examined with magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound veins of 100 patients between 18 and 65 years with multiple sclerosis by comparing the results with the examination of 100 healthy people. "We found no evidence of blood vessel problems - write the authors, led by Ian Rodger of Rutger University - this study provides strong evidence against the involvement of CCSVI in multiple sclerosis."
The prof. Paolo Zamboni, angiologist Italian who first proposed to investigate the presence of CCSVI in patients with multiple sclerosis, responded with a letter to the editor of the magazine, which disputes the methodology used for the analysis is the area of the neck as these have been made, which is not the same where the doctor Ferrara has always found the signs of Ccsvi.
Below is the full text of the letter.
We read with interest the article published by Rodger and co-authors "Evidence against the involvement of chronic cerebrospinal venous abnormalities in multiple sclerosis. A case-control study" (PLoS ONE August 2013, Volume 8, Number 8, e72495). As correctly reported, in 2009, we described the presence of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), established by the Doppler ultrasound (ECD) and confirmed by venography caterere. The results obtained by Canadian researchers are exactly the opposite of what we have found, as they were not able to demonstrate any abnormality of venous flow in MS patients studied with both the ECD that with MRV. We discuss briefly below on why the methodology adopted in the authors can lead to such a strong discrepancy in comparing the results.
With regard to the ECD methodology, we were very surprised that the authors have not been able to use the updated methods recently recommended by international consensus to improve the reproducibility of the protocol ECD. The only meta-analysis of all reports from 2005 in June 2011 showed a high prevalence of CCSVI in MS but with marked heterogeneity between the studies. To avoid this and to make studies more comparable, in June 2011 after seven international scientific societies have developed a protocol technically detailed, yet not mentioned.
Medical-Surgical Nursing: Patient-Centered Collaborative Care, Single Volume, 7e
Oh, sorry. Not so good for you then...2006-01-17 15:31:01 by GoshDarnedDemocrat
But allow me to cut and paste for those not subject to migraines:
A natural, plant-based substance, flavanoids are found in cocoa and believed to affect nitric oxide activity in the bodyin laymens terms: the less cells oxidize, the better for your health. In fact, the USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory provides a list of flavanoid-rich foodsincluding chocolatebecause scientific studies support their antioxidant effects, which include inhibiting blood platelets from sticking together, clogging arteries and causing heart attacks.
So, does this mean that next Hersheys bar you eat is going to save your life? Probably not
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Clinical Decision-Making Study Guide for Medical-Surgical Nursing - Revised Reprint: Patient-Centered Collaborative Care, 7e