Jülich Research Centre - Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine

August 29, 2013 – 01:54
The Western Australian Institute for Medical Research (WAIMR

The Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM) deals with the structure and function of healthy and diseased human brain. The objective is to understand the structure and function changes in neurological and psychiatric disorders and to improve the early diagnosis and treatment. To this end, scientists from various disciplines with modern imaging techniques such as functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), micro anatomy, cell biology, genetics and methods of physics and computer science.

Researchers create a virtual human brain, among other things, the structural aspects of the molecule to the complex functional system in a spatial context is detected (multimodal brain atlas). The scientists of the INM improve methods for diagnosis and treatment and develop new processes. 9komma4 example: the so-called 9.4-tesla magnetic resonance imaging with a field strength of 9.4 Tesla, combined with a positron emission tomograph makes structures and metabolic processes of the brain visible detail than ever before. Is complemented by the development of methods Radionuklidbereich. Three cyclotrons are available to synthesize a variety of radioactive tracers for research and application.

In the area of ​​treatment of INM scientists have developed the method of Coordinated reset. For the treatment of tinnitus, the method is already being used, currently being tested for Parkinson's therapy. Further research of the INM are the diagnosis and treatment of the consequences of stroke, early detection and delay of dementia, and attention disorders.

To study the variability of the brain and its changes during aging, the INM, the "1000Gehirne" study lead by the University of Duisburg-Essen, A population-based study, are investigated in the genetic, psychosocial and environmental influences on the structure and function of the brain.
more about the study

In addition to medical aspects, the INM also deals with the ethical aspects, opportunities and risks of scientific and technical developments.

The INM contributes to the cooperation of Forschungszentrum Jülich, the RWTH Aachen University in the JARA BRAIN │ the Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA). It is also part of the Helmholtz Alliance "systems biology" to better understand a centrally funded initiative of the Helmholtz Association, with the aim, structure and mechanisms of complex systems of the human brain. The INM also participates in the Helmholtz Alliance "Mental Health in Aging Society on" in the focuses research on neurodegenerative diseases, especially Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease are performed.

Managing Director

Prof. Markus Diesmann

Source: www.fz-juelich.de

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