Georg F. Springer (* February 29 1924 in Berlin , † March 10 1998 in Northfield (Illinois) ) was a German-born American physician ( immunology , cancer research), one of immunotherapy against cancer developed.
Springer was a great-grandson of the publisher Julius Springer , the founder of Springer Science + Business Media . It was in 1942 as a tank soldier on the eastern front, where he was severely wounded. After discharge from the U.S. prisoner of war in 1945 he studied medicine at the University of Heidelberg (completion in 1947 summa cum laude) in 1951 and summa cum laude doctorate in medicine at the University of Basel. He studied organic chemistry at Tadeusz Reichstein and undertook histological cancer studies. After graduation, he went to the University of Pennsylvania , where he at P. Gyorgy and Richard Kuhn studied, among other things, he deepened his studies in immunochemistry, Pathologie.1954 pediatrics and immunology to 1956, he led a research group at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, DC . In 1956 he became assistant professor in 1961 and associate professor of immunopathology at the University of Pennsylvania and led the analysis of the blood banks in the city of Philadelphia. In 1963 he became professor of microbiology and immunology at Northwestern University Medical School and Director of Immunochemistry Research at Evanston Hospital. 1977 to 1989, he moved to the chair of surgery at Northwestern University and in 1989 he was Professor of Immunology, Microbiology and Surgery and director of the Heather Margaret Bligh Cancer Research Laboratories, Chicago Medical School (University of Health Sciences UHS) in North Chicago . The laboratory is named after his wife, who died of breast cancer. Springer turned out to cancer research and funded the laboratory in large part from their own private funds.
In the 1950s he discovered at the University of Pennsylvania, that A and B occur antigens of human blood groups in many plants and bacteria and pointed to the example of chickens that the formation of antibodies against A, B by the presence of the corresponding antigens in the dependent environment of the chicken: lacking the corresponding antigens in the environment in which the chickens were growing up, they did not form antibodies against it. 
At the University of Chicago, he dealt primarily with the T antigen (Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen, a 1927 discovered glycoprotein) and its precursor, the Tn antigen, which (as it proved) in many human cancer cells are detectable and only in normal cells in "masked" form on the cell surface. He noted their usefulness in the early diagnosis of breast cancer and developed according to their base an immunotherapy against cancer, at the will of T and Tn antigens prepared from human red blood cells, provided with two adjuvants vaccinated. These therapies were at that time (the late 1970s) is very controversial, but similar approaches were later pursued by many research groups.
In 1966 he received the Franz Oehlecker Medal of the German Society for Transfusion Medicine and Immunohematology, 1975 Abbott Laboratories Award in Biomedicine, the Julia S. Michaels Investigator in Surgical Oncology Award and the 1977 Ernst Jung Prize .
- T and Tn, general carcinoma autoantigens, Science, Vol 224, 1984, pp. 1198-1206
- Springer Inhibition of blood group agglutinins by substances occuring in plants , J. Immunology, Band 76, 1956, S. 399, Chemistry and biology of mucopolysaccharides , Ciba Foundation Symposium 1958, Einige Aspekte der Möglichkeiten und Grenzen moderner „keimfreier“ Methoden für die Wirbeltierimmunologie , Zeitschrift für Immunitätsforschung, Band 118, 1959, S. 228, Springer, R. Horton, M. Forbes Origin of anti-human blood group B agglutinins in white leghorn chickens , J. Exp. Med., Band 110, 1959, S.221 ↑ Springer inhibition of blood group agglutinin by substances occuring in plants, J. Immunology, Volume 76, 1956, pp. 399, Chemistry and biology of mucopolysaccharides, Ciba Foundation Symposium, 1958, Some aspects of the capabilities and limitations of modern "germ-free" methods for Vertebrate Immunology, Journal of Immunology, Vol 118, 1959, pp. 228, Springer, R. Horton, M. Forbes Origin of anti-human blood group B agglutinin in white leghorn chickens, J Exp Med, Volume 110, 1959, p.221
Medicines for the Union Army: The United States Army Laboratories During the Civil War (Pharmaceutical Heritage)
If it were that simple I gladly would2011-11-09 09:34:41 by l9veme
I was in the Army for almost 5 years and my husband is still in. I got out and had a civilian job I could transition to. My husband ended up PCS'ing so I couldn't accept the position. I have had no luck finding a job here that I can afford to have (between gas and child care). I have a certification in Medical Laboratory Technology from George Washington University that qualifies me to work as an MLT, I got turned down for even phlebotomy positions because there are so many more qualified people that are unemployed and searching for jobs. I'm only 24, I can't compete with 15 years of experience in a field
Pt 22008-06-03 12:28:11 by SonofYah
7. Project MKULTRA
Project MKULTRA, or MK-ULTRA, was the code name for a CIA mind-control research program. There is much published evidence that the project involved the surreptitious use of many types of drugs to manipulate individual mental states and to alter brain function. Experiments included administering LSD to CIA employees, military personnel, doctors, other government agents, prostitutes, mentally ill patients, and members of the general public in order to study their reactions. LSD and other drugs were usually administered without the subjects knowledge or consent
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